The earliest written records of mathematics date back to ancient civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Greece. These records provide evidence of the development and use of mathematical concepts and techniques in various cultural and historical contexts.
One of the earliest written records of mathematics is the Egyptian Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, which dates back to around 2000 BCE. This papyrus contains a collection of mathematical problems and solutions, including instructions for solving problems related to areas and volumes, as well as methods for calculating fractions and unit conversions.
Another early written record of mathematics is the Babylonian tablet Plimpton 322, which dates back to around 1800 BCE. This tablet contains a list of Pythagorean triples, which are sets of three integers that satisfy the Pythagorean theorem.
The Greeks also made significant contributions to the development of mathematics, and many of the mathematical concepts and techniques that we use today have their roots in Greek mathematics. The works of Greek mathematicians such as Euclid, Archimedes, and Pythagoras are still studied and influential today.
Overall, the earliest written records of mathematics provide insight into the development and use of mathematical concepts and techniques in different cultural and historical contexts, and they continue to be an important source of information for researchers and scholars today.