# Exploring 3D shapes- Cube (Cuboid)

Let’s explore the Cubic Wonder…

In the fascinating realm of geometry, 3D shapes hold a special place, and one of the most iconic among them is the cube. With its perfectly symmetrical sides and sharp edges, the cube has intrigued mathematicians, scientists, and artists for centuries.

The cube has a rich history that spans thousands of years. It is one of the five Platonic solids, which were studied extensively by the ancient Greeks. The Greek philosopher Plato is credited with the discovery and classification of these solids, and the cube is a prime example of his work.

Plato believed that these five solids represented the fundamental building blocks of the universe. The cube, with its equal sides and angles, symbolized stability and Earth. Its mathematical significance and aesthetic appeal made it a subject of study not only in philosophy but also in mathematics and art.

A cube is a three-dimensional geometric shape characterized by several key properties:

1. Six Equal Faces: A cube has six congruent (equal) square faces. These faces are perfectly flat and meet at right angles.
2. Eight Vertices: The cube has eight vertices, where three edges meet. These vertices are also known as corners.
3. Twelve Edges: It boasts twelve straight edges that connect the vertices. Each edge has equal length.
4. Symmetry: The cube exhibits a high degree of symmetry, as it can be rotated in various ways without changing its overall appearance. There are 24 different rotational symmetries of a cube.
5. Volume (V): The volume of a cube is given by V = s3, where ‘s’ is the length of one side of the cube. This formula tells us how much space the cube occupies.
6. Surface Area (A): The surface area of a cube is calculated as A = 6s2. It represents the total area of all six faces.
7. Diagonal (d): The diagonal of a cube connecting two opposite vertices can be found using the formula d = √(3s2).
8. Inscribed Sphere: The largest sphere that can fit inside a cube has a radius equal to half the length of a side of the cube, i.e., r = s/2.
9. Circumscribed Sphere: The smallest sphere that can enclose a cube has a radius equal to the distance from the center of the cube to a vertex, which is r = s√3/2.

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