Arithmetic is the branch of mathematics that deals with basic numerical calculations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. It is a fundamental part of mathematics that is used in everyday life to perform basic calculations and solve problems. Arithmetic also includes more advanced operations, such as manipulations of percentages, square roots, exponentiation, logarithmic functions, and even trigonometric functions.
In arithmetic, numbers are used to represent quantities, and basic operations are used to manipulate these quantities. For example, addition is used to find the total of two or more numbers, subtraction is used to find the difference between two numbers, and multiplication is used to find the product of two or more numbers. Division is used to find the result of dividing one number by another.
Arithmetic is an important foundation for more advanced mathematics, and it is used in a wide range of fields, such as finance, science, and engineering. It is also an important part of everyday life, as it is used in tasks such as calculating prices, measuring quantities, and understanding statistical data.